This fortnight in parenting 23/5/15

Low quality parent-child relationships were found to reduce the likelihood of children having high quality relationships with their peers.

A gene polymorphism was found to interact with low-quality parenting to predict depression early in adolescence.

Animal models have suggested the following sensitive periods in human social development which may increase the risk of negative outcomes - prematurity due to effects on maternal proximity, multiple births due to the possibility of peer rearing, postnatal depression due to its effect on infant care and chronic unpredictable trauma due to caregiver unreliability

Children who were temperamentally unhappy were found to have more problems with social relationships as positive parenting increased while children who were not had less problems with social relationships as positive parenting increased.

Increased parenting stress and poorer parent child communication has been identified as a possible reason for the association between young maternal age and child delinquency.

A particular genetic variant has been identified as cooperating with maternal sensitivity to improve children's understanding and interpretation of others behaviors.

Interparental withdrawal behaviour was found to be associated with less than optimal parenting behaviours in fathers.

Maladaptive decision making  by children and teenagers has been found to be more likely when their parents use negative parenting practices.

Maternal negativity was found to increase child frustration at 5 years and predicted decreases in certain child brain functions as well as social competence.

Authoritarian parenting was found to be associated with social anxiety symptoms while permissive parenting was found to be associated with physical anxiety symptoms.

More punishment of bad behaviors and less use of modelling and reassurance was found to increase the likelihood of child depression or anxiety.

randomised control trial has found that infants who wore disposable nappies had longer sleep and more engaged and sensitive mothers at the end of the study than those who wore cloth overnight.

A study has found that when youth had cognitive impulsivity whether they then engaged in delinquency was determined by their parents behaviors (discipline persistence, positive reinforcement, parental knowledge).

Adolescent gaming was found to increase with accessibility of devices, particularly if they were located in their bedroom, however parental limit setting, monitoring and co-gaming were found to have no effect.

Parenting involving permissiveness or responsiveness were found to decrease the likelihood of teenage narcissism while authoritarian and indifferent parenting was found to increase the risk.

A study of African-American youth living in rural conditions found that parenting quality was directly associated with their health as young adults via changes in the methylation of an inflammatory factor (tumour necrosis factor).

study has found that only 2% of overweight children and 34% of obese children were provided with any sort of intervention by GPs.

Greater healthy snack intake has found to be related to less parental restrictiveness but more parental covert control of food.
Parental support for early learning was found to be directly associated with child academic gains in children aged 2 to 5.

Sensitive parenting has been found to be protective on brain development in children who had a low birth weight.

Sensitive parenting was found to encourage positive child-teacher relationships in children with high negative emotions and detached parenting was found to be the worst for child-teacher relationships.


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